A: Architectural rehabilitation of social housing estates in France
When I worked as a researcher for the 4-Met Center, in the Dept. of Architecture
and Building Science at Tokyo Metropolitan University, I worked on the
project proposals of comprehensive improvement models to create new value
in public apartment complexes erected during Japan's hign-growth era.
Within this project, I was in charge of the research on the rehabilitation
of social housing estates in France. I carried out research in France in
June 2004 and June 2005. For example, about le quartier Val Fourré de Mantes-la-Jolie,
la Cité Michelet dans le 19e de Paris, le quartier des Pyramides à Evry,
l'Unité d'habitation à Firminy-Vert, le quartier de la Darnaise et La Duchère
à Lyon, etc (I really thank everyone in France for their cooperation!).
The result of this research was published in the book: Seiichi FUKAO, Kozo
KADOWAKI et Junko ABE-KUDO, Housing Activation in French and Japanese contexts,
4-Met Center, Tokyo Metropolitan Univeristy, November 2007 (English-Japanese
version, 500 copies not for sale).
One of the key ideas in the recent architectural rehabilitation in France
would be "résidentialisation." I continue researching the effectiveness
of this idea.
B: Design a frontier between public and private space
B-1: Detached housing estates with a gate have developed recently in Japan
In Spring 2008, according to our research, 21 detached house estates with
a gate are on sale. Why do they enclose a housing estate with a gate and
fences in the country known for its safe society? Will this type of housing
be increasing in Japan? Is it just a step before gated communities Japanese
style? Our laboratory will actively research this subject.
B-2: Design at the base of a residential skyscraper
Residential skyscrapers are rapidly growing in Japanese principal cities.
A tower containing more than 100 dwellings is equal to a village which
is constructed vertically. It seems that it is difficult to know each other
in a natural way for the residents in this vertical village, due to its
exclusive access to their dwellings. It is difficult for the residents
of towers to know and be known by the people living around the towers as
well. However, once a serious disaster, such as an earthquake or
a fire, attacks the city people must aide each other. At this moment,
daily communication shared by the people living in the quarter would be
of prime importance. I feel it is necessary to create a space at the base
of a residential skyscraper to both promote natural communication between
the residents in the tower and people living in the neighbourhood, in-order
to help them to work effectively in case of emergency. Our laboratory will
investigate the residential towers in Nagoya city and its suburbs in order
to propose effective designs for both the tower and its surroundings.